5 Common Types of Malware

Malware is an intentionally designed malicious software that affects your cybersecurity by disrupting your data, damaging your computer, affecting your server and causing data theft from the host gadget. It is unfortunate to know that there are many cybercriminals out there, who simply wants to benefit from your loss, by creating and releasing such Malwares. This article highlights a few commonly found Malware affecting our computers and other gadgets.

  • Adware

This is a Malware that, without permission, delivers an advertisement on your browsing page. It can be in the form of a pop-up advertisement or an additional display on the website or software you use. There are many websites and software which have in-built automated Adware. Usage of such sites and software might affect your cybersecurity the most. Adware is so capable, that they can track your current activity and steal your personal information. Adware is very dangerous and capable of affecting and stealing your data completely.

  • Bug

A Bug is an undesired outcome. Let’s assume you wanted to visit an x site  instead, it landed you on some Z page,  that is how a bug works. These Bugs are considered human errors, and they resist the compliance of a program or a site. Minor Bugs affect you by landing you on an unknown page for a short while before you can discover the original page. This affects your cybersecurity by stealing your data, passwords, and authentication information. This Malware might make you freeze on a particular page for a little longer or crash the site.  Security Bug is the most dangerous and severe of all the Bugs as it can steal your passwords and account details, that you use to login into your devices. It can be prevented by using quality control programs and code analysis tools.

  • Spyware

This Malware acts by spying on the user’s activity without letting them know about this. The Spyware will monitor your visits, collect your keystrokes, personal data, login details, and a lot more. This Spyware has many additional capacities like it can attack your device and data, hinder your connections, and modify the security settings and browsers. It can reach out to other connections through your device, and it affects the software vulnerability.

  • Trojan horses

This Malware is commonly known as Trojan.  Trojan looks like a normal file, trapping you in downloading and installing it on your devices. This Trojan Malware can give access to an infected device. Once the attackers have access to your device, it gets really easy for them to steal the information and data about logins and accounts. Attackers use this information to make room for more malware to enter and modify the files, monitor the activity of the users, utilize the target computer’s connection and later, use those stolen identities for wrong purposes.

  • Virus

This is the most commonly known Malware. The virus has the capacity to copy itself and then spread from one device to another, through any kind of connectivity. Moreover, it keeps on multiplying. It affects the data on your device, crashes your folders, erases your data, and move it to unwanted places. The Virus affects almost all vulnerabilities of a device. It gets attached to a document, file, app or even a network, and then travel from one device to another. It misplaces data and logins on your device and creates dysfunction.

These were few of the most commonly found Malware listed by the cybersecurity organizations all around the world. To get protection against these, you can research a little more about cybersecurity precautions, and the tools available, that can automatically safeguard your devices from the effects of Malware.

Resident blogger for Zenosec, interested in all things cybersecurity.

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